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Java Thread Executor Framework

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Q)  What is the Java Thread Executor Framework ?


  • Java Thread Executor Framework
    Sample Img 20

Ans)


Java Thread Executor is simple Java Framework which is based on "Master-Slave
architectural design pattern" allows us to perform multiple tasks asynchronously
for better performance. In general Tasks are logical units of work, and threads
are a mechanism by which tasks can run asynchronously. Also this Framework
takes the Overhead of managing the Threads and its priorities and frees you from them.

By decoupling the task submission from execution, we can easily change or specify
execution policies, such as
• execution order, how many tasks are allowed to run concurrently
 and how many are queued, etc.

Here is the Simple Example :

Step 1 : Create an "ExecutorService" with Number of Thread you would like to have.

  //Let us start the Worked Threads
                ExecutorService executor = Executors.newFixedThreadPool(NTHREDS);
               
Step 2 : Create a Worker Thread, which actually perform the given task, your Worker Thread perform different tasks,

public class EmailSender  implements Runnable {
        String message;
        EmailSender  (String message) {
                this.message = message;
        }
        public void run() {
                try {
                        sendEmail(message);
                } catch (Exception e) {
                        // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                        e.printStackTrace();
                }
        }
       
    private static void sendEmail(String message2)  {
          System.out.println("Sending Email" + message);
    }
}

Step 3 : Assign these Tasks to Executor

        //Let us start the Worked Threads
                ExecutorService executor = Executors.newFixedThreadPool(NTHREDS);
                for (int i = 0; i < 6; i++) {
                        DateRange dateRange = new DateRange();
                        Runnable worker = new BatchRunnable(dateRange);
                        executor.execute(worker);
                }
               
Step 4: Terminate the Executor by invoking the LifeCycle methods

                // This will make the executor accept no new threads
                // and finish all existing threads in the queue
                executor.shutdown();

                // Wait until all threads are finish
                while (!executor.isTerminated()) {

                } 



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Java Thread Executor Framework


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